Guatemala high court annuls trial for ex-dictator
By SONIA PEREZ-DIAZ Associated Press April 23, 2013 5:40PM
Ixil Indians protest in front of the Supreme Court in support of former dictator General Efrain Rios Montt and retired General Jose Mauricio Rodriguez Sanchez, and demand the genocide trail against them be annulled in Guatemala City, Tuesday, April, 23, 2013. Guatemala's highest court later ordered the annulment of the human rights trial against one of Central America's former dictators, sending the landmark case back to square one.Sign being held by protesters that read in Spanish: "We the Ixil people want to be witnesses in this trial". (AP Photo/Luis Soto)
GUATEMALA CITY (AP) — Guatemala’s highest court on Tuesday ordered the annulment of the human rights trial against one of the Central American country’s former dictators, sending the landmark case to a judge who wants it to go back to square one.
A spokesman for the Constitutional Court, Martin Guzman, said the case of Efrain Rios Montt now goes back to Judge Carol Patricia Flores, who last week asked that the proceedings start over at a point before the retired general was charged with genocide.
Rios Montt, 86, is accused of responsibility for the deaths of 1,771 Mayan Indians killed during military offensives by the dictatorship that he headed from March 1982 to August 1983. The operations, during a U.S.-backed war against leftist guerrillas, were part of “scorched earth” campaign aimed at wiping out support for the rebels.
The trial had been nearing closing arguments last week when Flores intervened.
Flores had handled the case in its pre-trial stage, but was taken off the case in February 2012 by an appeals court after the defense filed a complaint saying she was biased against Rios Montt and other defendants. She was reinstated last week by the Constitutional Court, then ruled that all actions taken in the case since she was first asked to step down in November 2011 were null.
The move caused an international outcry. Before the high court’s decision was announced Tuesday, the United Nations special adviser on the prevention of genocide, Adama Dieng, urged Guatemalan authorities to bring justice to the victims and their families.
“I appeal to judicial authorities to act responsibly and to prevent any interference, obstruction or manipulation of justice, which would seriously undermine the credibility of the justice system in Guatemala,” Dieng said in a statement.
“The victims of the atrocities committed during the civil war in Guatemala, as well as their families, have been waiting many years for justice. I hope they don’t have to keep waiting. Justice delayed is justice denied.”
About 500 Ixil Mayan Indians arrived in the capital to show their support in favor of Rios Montt in buses with banners that read “Do not shame the Ixil with that idea of genocide, because that’s a lie.”
The demonstrators arrived from Nebaj in the state of Quiche, an area where some of the worst massacres were carried out by the army.