Chen Xitong, 82, Beijing mayor backed Tiananmen crackdown, later regretted
BY ASSOCIATED PRESS June 9, 2013 1:26AM
FILE - In this July 31, 1998 file photo released by China's Xinhua News Agency, former Beijing Mayor and Communist Party leader Chen Xitong, center, stands in Beijing's Municipal Higher Peoples Court. Chen, who backed the military crackdown on the Tiananmen Square democratic movement during his term but later expressed regret, died Sunday, June 2, 2013 at the age of 82, two days before the 24th anniversary of the bloody quelling of the student-led movement, according to media reports and a family friend. At the height of his career, Chen was one of China's most powerful men, but an anticorruption campaign brought about his spectacular downfall. (AP Photo/Xinhua, File) NO SALES
Updated: June 9, 2013 3:15PM
BEIJING — Chen Xitong, who as Beijing’s mayor backed the military crackdown on the Tiananmen Square democratic movement but later expressed regret for the loss of life, died days before its 24th anniversary, according to media reports and a family friend.
At the height of his career, Mr. Chen was one of China’s most powerful men, but a corruption scandal brought about his spectacular downfall.
The Hong Kong China News Agency, an offshoot of the official China News Service, said Mr. Chen died June 2 in Beijing. Chengdu-based writer He Sanwei also said he had been informed of Mr. Chen’s death by the former mayor’s relatives, with whom he has been friends for years. He said Mr. Chen died of cancer. He was 82.
Initial reports of Chen’s death began to circulate on Tuesday’s anniversary of the Tiananmen crackdown, but there was no confirmation by mainland state media. Mr. Chen’s death so close to the politically sensitive date posed additional difficulties for the government, which makes intense efforts to erase mention of the 1989 events.
Mr. Chen was long portrayed as having supported the military assault that crushed the weeks-long student-led protests, killing hundreds, possibly thousands, of people. But he apparently had a change of heart late in his life, and was quoted in a book published last year as saying that the crackdown was avoidable and he regretted the loss of life.
A native of Sichuan province, Mr. Chen studied Chinese at prestigious Peking University and joined the Communist Party in 1949, months after the People’s Republic of China was founded.
He rose through the ranks in Beijing and in 1983 was appointed mayor, a position he held until 1993, shortly after he was promoted to Beijing Communist Party boss and given a seat on the party’s elite Politburo, the apex of Chinese political power. Then a massive graft scandal that may have cost the city more than $2 billion resulted in his downfall in 1995.
Mr. Chen was deposed and given a 16-year prison term, effectively silencing him. In sentencing him in 1998, a Beijing court ruled that Mr. Chen pursued a “corrupt and decadent life” that featured lavish partying at two villas built with public funds.
By 2006, Mr. Chen had reportedly been released on medical parole for cancer treatment. He looked set to fade into the annals of Chinese political history but for the publication of the book in Hong Kong last year based on comments he made in interviews with a retired scholar, Yao Jianfu.
Yao said Mr. Chen denied being directly responsible for the Tiananmen crackdown and thought it should never have happened. He urged a reinvestigation of the crackdown to determine how many people were killed and other facts.