‘Stroger sales tax’ increase all gone as of New Year’s Day
BY LISA DONOVAN Cook County Reporter December 31, 2012 6:40PM
Sales tax rates for 10 largest U.S. cities.
Updated: February 2, 2013 6:21AM
Yes, as a matter of fact we are the Second City.
With the dawn of a new year, a lower sales tax rate in the region means Chicago no longer has the highest combined sales tax rate of any large city in the nation. Now it’s in second place.
As of Jan. 1, Cook County’s sales tax fell a quarter of a cent. In Chicago, that means the combined sales tax — meaning state, county, city and mass transit sales taxes — tacked on to most retail purchases, except groceries, dropped from 9.5 percent to 9.25 percent. That’s just below first-place Phoenix, where the rate is 9.3 percent, but above Los Angeles and New York, where rates are 9 percent and 8.875 percent, respectively, according to Chicago-based YETTER, a sales-tax consulting firm
Likewise, taxes on a restaurant tab will fall a quarter of a cent but will vary depending on where you dine across the county. Restaurants inside a special taxing district, which includes downtown Chicago, will see taxes fall from 10.75 percent to 10.5 percent, for example.
The rollback wipes the Stroger sales tax increase off the books. Back in 2008, then-Cook County Board President Todd Stroger championed — and won the votes from a majority of county commissioners for — a penny-on-the-dollar sales tax increase that pushed Chicago’s overall sales tax to 10.25 percent, a sales tax rate higher than any other large city in America.
Stroger and others argued that the increase was needed to plug a budget hole and keep the doors open at the county’s public health system.
Laurence Msall, president of the tax watchdog Civic Federation, said those revenues never went to pay for services provided by the couunty’s health system, which serves the poor and uninsured.
“It disproportionately went to other areas of the government,” Msall said. “In many cases, the money went for retroactive pay raises outside the county hospital system.”
And the larger public and business community pooh-poohed the increase, especially as the economy tanked. In 2009, as the 2010 elections neared, county commissioners feared a backlash at the polls and voted to roll back the unpopular sales tax increase by half a penny.
For Stroger, who defended the sales tax increase, it was too late. Voters sent him packing. Toni Preckwinkle, a Chicago alderman who campaigned on rolling back what was left of the tax increase and shoring up costs, easily won the board presidency.
After taking office, she quickly struck a deal with commissioners to slash the remaining half a penny: a quarter of a cent on Jan. 1, 2012, and the final quarter of a cent on the first day of 2013.
So now the “Stroger sales tax” — as Preckwinkle likes to call it — is gone for good.
Stroger couldn’t be reached for comment. In a prepared statement released by her office, Preckwinkle said: “We made the choice to cut taxes on everyday items a majority of residents need. This was a vow I made to working families who saw the price of toothpaste . . . and baby formula rise. It’s a pledge I made to businesses that were concerned their customers would buy goods outside Cook County.”
Suburban county commissioners said that tax increase hurt businesses on the edge of the county, as consumers flocked across the border to purchase everything from clothing to televisions.
Liz Gorman, a suburban Republican county commissioner, said the rollback levels the playing field for Cook County businesses. “It gives the businesses along the borders of Cook County a better opportunity to compete with businesses in the collar counties,” she said in a prepared statement.
The rollback means county government won’t see an estimated $86 million in revenues this year. But the Preckwinkle administration expect tax revenues to be higher than expected in 2013.
“We have already seen an improvement in sales tax activity and were able to revise our original projection for sales tax revenue for 2013 as a result, by $10 million. We will continue to monitor this trend for further improvements,” county Budget Director Andrea Gibson said in a prepared statement.
DePaul University Professor Joe Schwieterman, who has been studying retail spending and the effects of the sales tax increase, said any improvements in sales tax revenues should be looked at in the bigger picture.
“The sales tax rollback is only part of the equation. There’s a rebound effect in the general economy,” Schwieterman said, noting that he doesn’t want to dismiss Preckwinkle’s push to slash the sales tax, which he called the “most business-friendly” and consumer-friendly move in some time.
“I have no doubt that the county rollback has had big effects, but we’re still a high sales tax region,” he said. “And I think the high sales tax [rate] generates long-term erosion. Just the tourist spending and online shopping puts a damper on downtown shopping and tourists spending in ways we’re only beginning to understand. It wasn’t just the last county sales tax increase — it’s this compounding effect. Consumers still face sticker shock.”