Federal grant-backed battery maker A123 files for bankruptcy
By TOM KRISHER AP Auto Writer October 16, 2012 11:46AM
FILE - In this Feb. 23, 2007, file photo, President Bush, center, listens to Dave Vieau, President and CEO of A123 Systems, right, as he is shown a Toyota Prius plug-in hybrid car utilizing a lithium power battery during a demonstration of alternative fuel automobiles on the South Lawn of the White House. Short of cash and hurting from slow sales of electric cars, battery maker A123 Systems Inc. sent its U.S. operations into bankruptcy protection on Tuesday, Oct. 16, 2012, and quickly sold its automotive assets. The filing is likely to stoke the debate in Washington over the Obama administrations funding of alternative energy companies. In 2009, A123 got a $249 million Department of Energy grant to help it build U.S. factories. Republicans have accused Obama of wasting stimulus money on the companies after the failure of politically connected and now-bankrupt solar power company Solyndra LLC, which left taxpayers on the hook for $528 million. (AP Photo/Charles Dharapak, File)
DETROIT — Short of cash and hurting from weak sales of electric cars, battery maker A123 Systems Inc. filed for bankruptcy protection on Tuesday and quickly sold its automotive assets.
The moves came one day after the company warned it likely would miss debt payments and could be headed for restructuring under Chapter 11. Auto parts maker Johnson Controls Inc. will buy the company’s automotive business for $125 million.
A123 has struggled for several years as Americans have been slow to embrace electric cars. The company has yet to post a profit and lost $83 million in the second quarter. Just two months ago, A123 announced a $450 million lifeline from Chinese auto parts maker Wanxiang Group Corp., but A123 said in a statement that the deal has been scrapped.
The Chapter 11 filing is likely to spawn more criticism of the Obama administration’s funding of alternative energy companies. The lithium-ion battery maker received a $249 million grant from the Department of Energy in August 2009 to help it build U.S. factories. But such grants have been criticized by republicans, who say Obama wasted stimulus money on the companies. Critics point to Solyndra LLC, a politically connected and now-bankrupt solar power company, which left taxpayers on the hook for $528 million.
A123’s stock, which traded for more than $20 on the day of its initial public offering in 2009, fell to 6 cents in late morning trading. The stock closed Monday at 24 cents.
Using its federal stimulus grant, the company set up manufacturing operations in the Detroit suburbs of Livonia and Romulus, Mich. The company has contracts to make batteries for General Motors Co., BMW AG, Fisker Automotive and others.
Unlike a loan, the company’s $249 million government grant does not have to be repaid. A123 had to match the grant money as it was used. So far the company has drawn about $129 million of the grant, spokesman Dan Borgasano said Tuesday.
Johnson Controls will get A123’s automotive assets, including lithium-ion battery technology, products and customer contacts. It will also take over the factories in Michigan, cathode ray factories in China and an equity interest in a Chinese battery company.
A123 also said it is in talks to sell its grid, commercial, government and other operations that weren’t purchased by Johnson Controls.
Subsidiaries outside the U.S. were not included in the bankruptcy filing.
AP Auto Writer Bree J. Fowler contributed to this report from New York.